Amends CHIPRA to require HHS to develop a core set of health care quality measures for Medicaid-eligible adults in the same manner that it currently does for children. Measures are to be published for public comment by January 1, 2011, followed by the subsequent publication of an initial core set by January 1, 2012. Requires the development of a standardized format for reporting from the states to HHS by January 1, 2013, as well as reports from HHS to Congress, as specified. Delineates further requirements regarding annual state reporting of state-specific Medicaid quality measures, with a directive to HHS to publicly disclose such information by September 30, 2014. Appropriates $60 million for each of FYs 2010-2014 to undertake these efforts.